Data preprocessing and model training

Sparks's inbuilt function to train a model takes a dataframe of 'implicit preferences' given by users to some products. userID ~ user_id, productID ~ recording_id and preference ~ transformed count as represented by rows in playcounts dataframe.

Playcounts dataframe is loaded from HDFS in 0.00 mins and is of the form:

user_id recording_id playcount transformed_listencount

Here, playcount is the actual listen count whereas the transformed_listencount was calculated by applying the following function on playcounts.

No transformation applied to listen counts

Preprocessing of playcounts dataframe takes 0.00 mins. The preprocessed data divided the data into training and test data, in 5 : 1. The model was then trained on the training data using K-Folds Cross Validation with 5 folds. From the models trained, the one with least RMSE is selected to generate recommendations.

Of all the trained models, the model with the least RMSE value is chosen to generate recommendations. The model will be referred to as "best model".

Best model parameters are as follows:

Best model ID Best model rank Best model lmbda Best model iteration Best model alpha Best model RMSE
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-b8f12ce8-2582-427b-a5b5-310b20fae678 20 0.1 10 3.0 23.959

Test RMSE for the best model is 23.959

Total time lapsed in data preprocessing and model training: 0.05 hours

Best Model saved in 0.02 mins

All the models trained in 0.05 hours

The following table gives information about all the models trained

model id rank lmbda iterations alpha RMSE
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-6d310620-b062-4ede-a019-11eccf8ae82f 10 0.1 5 3.0 24.022
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-8de84ff6-1f6f-4398-8656-8201f3b16b75 10 0.1 10 3.0 23.976
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-b826a486-063a-435b-b744-556aa70e2dc7 10 10.0 5 3.0 24.069
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-0d2d96d1-364d-4edd-b6ff-8f0ded8de49a 10 10.0 10 3.0 24.035
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-5e2e6b9d-cb22-42d9-8448-2ce698af3bd3 20 0.1 5 3.0 24.008
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-b8f12ce8-2582-427b-a5b5-310b20fae678 20 0.1 10 3.0 23.959
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-dfe7b5ba-27ef-456b-834d-7cef1f21652f 20 10.0 5 3.0 24.054
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-0e8b2ece-dfd5-4fbb-b0be-a4f6a1c59d62 20 10.0 10 3.0 24.017
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-24a5ad94-aff8-479d-a134-d16700a2de07 5 0.1 5 3.0 24.044
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-7f4c1249-88c2-4d5c-a9d8-7e5658adc908 5 0.1 10 3.0 24.011
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-7ff570cc-dc1a-44d5-8574-cb33ec22fc4c 5 10.0 5 3.0 24.085
listenbrainz-recommendation-model-8e8a74e9-4249-4d1a-af03-56de52f05c9f 5 10.0 10 3.0 24.065

Following are the parameters required to train the model

The Mean Squared Error (MSE) is a direct measure of the reconstruction error of the user-item rating matrix. It is defined as the sum of the squared errors divided by the number of observations. The squared error, in turn, is the square of the difference between the predicted rating for a given user-item pair and the actual rating.

Ratings are predicted for all the (user_id, recording_id) pairs in validation data, the predicted ratings are then subtracted with actual ratings and RMSE is calculated.

Note: Number of rows in a dataframe or number of elements in a dataframe (count information) is not included because it leads to unnecessary computation time.